Friends of FMCS History

The history of negotiation, mediation and arbitration


About The Friends

The Friends of FMCS (Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service) History is a not-for-profit foundation for the purpose of gathering, preserving and publicizing the history of FMCS, and its predecessor, the USCS (United States Conciliation Service). Together these two organizations have provided a full time mediation staff since 1917 .

This site illustrates this long history with materials from the Friends extensive archive. Papers, speeches, documents, photos, interviews, film materials and other memorabilia sketch an institutional history that dwarfs newer mediation providers started in the last thirty years.

As the founder of the Friends, I began gathering these materials as a young FMCS mediator in 1964. I created the Friends in 1992 using personal resources, small donations and a three-year grant.

If you find these materials informative and useful, donations of any size will be appreciated. Please give appropriate credit to the Friends or the website ( if you use any material from the site.

To learn more about our latest Fundraising efforts and giving, please read A Fund Raising Letter from the Friends of FMCS History Foundation.

George Washington University, Gelman Library, Digital Services have digitized selected Directors oral history interviews. A special Thank You to the University for performing this service.  Hear the interviews by using the link below to find the interviews in the Internet Archive or go to the Oral History Interview page.

We have added the transcript for 55 selected speeches given by FMCS directors from 1960 to 2004. The speeches are in the Archives.

For more information about the Friends go to About Us.

Thanks to Norm Lee’s generous donation that made the original website possible!

Jerome T. Barrett, Founder

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